The Mediterranean diet has been known as a heart-healthy eating plan. Now, a new study indicates that the diet, which is high in olive oil and nuts, also may reduce the rate of strokes in older patients who have a gene variant known to raise their risk of type 2 diabetes, metabolic issues and stroke.
The study, which was published in the Aug. 13 issue of Diabetes Care, randomly assigned more than 7,000 men and women ages 55 to 80 to eat a low-fat diet or a Mediterranean diet. The investigators monitored the participants for an average of five years.
Those with the gene mutation who went on the low-fat diet were nearly three times more likely than others to have a stroke, the researchers found. But study participants who followed the Mediterranean diets had about an equal level of risk as those without the genetic mutation.
More details about the study is available here.
For information about strokes, including signs and symptoms, click here.